Over the past three years, ICR News has featured over 20 cases of original soft tissues found in fossilized remains around the world. Careful chemical analyses published in peer-reviewed journals concluded that original tissues-most often protein that had not mineralized-came from the buried animals' carcasses. But many of these studies relied on only a few different detection methods. Now, a team of researchers using special equipment at the MAX-lab in Lund, Sweden, has applied more than six different techniques to verify that tissues from inside a Cretaceous mosasaur humerus bone, which was kept in the Royal Institute of Natural Sciences of Belgium "for many years," consist of mosasaur and not microbial molecules. First, the investigators chemically removed the mineral matrix from the mosasaur bone, leaving behind the proteins and other biomolecules.
And how could heme protect protein sequences from 1. Gullibility is not a scientific virtue. Also produced that year, a preliminary report documents the extant skin of a hadrosaur by paleontologist Phill Bell working in Canada with physicist Mauricio Barbi, which not surprisingly may preserve original protein.
And in July, the journal Acta Histochemica reports see below also on extraordinarily well preserved soft tissue, from a triceratops horn. And of course, when they lose the dinosaurs, they lose it all. For the secularists have staked so much on their claim that dinosaurs died out millions of years ago.
Comprehensively summarizing twenty years of journal research and moreas one of the published authors below has stated, this single web page presents the world's most complete catalog of peer-reviewed dinosaur soft-tissue discoveries. This RSR List can save you hours of research with links to all papers and summary excerpts already collected for you! But fast forward twenty years and Schweitzer's paper in the journal Bone provides powerful evidence for the presence of dinosaur DNA!
This Science Research News article also reports:. But are the bones thick enough to protect such complex molecules from minor temperature variations and the randomizing effects of molecular motion? Breo on the work that has spawned scores of peer-reviewed papers. Blair, Dept. State University; Schweitzer, Mary H. All these journals published reports claiming that recovered DNA segments have survived for millions of years despite extensive previous evidence of its rapid deterioration.
Fast forward then to the year and not only have dinosaurian still -soft original biological structures and proteins been confirmed by sequencing, immunological experiments, etc.
Have dinosaur soft tissue carbon dating not
This full paper is free to read online but for some it will be easier to read the New Scientist report which states: Protein recovered from dinosaur eggs :. For atheists like AronRa, PZ Myers, at Talk Origins, and those at League of Reason who deny or doubt the existence of original biological material, this paper explains that researchers injected rabbits with these apparent dinosaur egg proteins.
The animals developed antibodies similar to those they produce in experiments with similar modern protein. The vessels and contents are similar in all respects to blood vessels recovered from extant ostrich bone we demonstrate the retention of pliable soft-tissue blood vessels with contents that are capable of being liberated from the bone matrix, while still retaining their flexibility, resilience, original hollow nature, and three-dimensionality.
Late Cretaceous avian bone tissues from Argentina demonstrate exceptional preservation to the microstructural and molecular levels. Bone tissues respond to collagenase digestion and histochemical stains. Asara [of Beth Israel Med. This paper generated much controversy, as colorfully reported by Wired, which concludes, "Asara and Schweitzer, in other words, have done just what the critics asked. They've built a rigorous scientific case for the survival of 68 million-year-old proteins from a beast that animates children's imaginations.
For this next reference, remember that osteocytes are bone cells that live in the organism itself, and filipodia are tentacles that extend from various types of cells when migrating.
These naturally-pigmented T. And remembering that biomineralization is the process by which organisms produce minerals to harden tissue such as an animal making calcium for bonethis same paper on dinosaurs pointed out that scientists had long considered the fossilization "of non-biomineralized tissues. And "structures observed in most fossil specimens are similar in morphology, size, location and content to erythrocytes [red blood cells] observed in related extant [still living] taxa [group of animals].
The paper also describes the original biological material in "Sue," the largest and best preserved Tyrannosaurus rex ever found, now permanently exhibited in Chicago's Field Museum of Natural History. From Sue:. Also, this paper describes the discovery within the Triceratops horridus of:.
Of the various dinosaur soft tissue types, the paper says:. And of bacterial contamination and biofilms, in the year before the publication of the primary opposing theory, Schweitzer, et al. And back inthe authors write that while they remain open to further pending analysis of the osteocytes, they "consider these cell-like structures to be remains of original cells. For this excerpt, remember that the word endogenous means originating withinof course, as opposed to an external contamination.
The standard explanation by atheists and evolutionists that I've seen, including at League of Reasonis that the biofilm interpretation published in has "refuted" the soft-tissue claims. Apparently that's your explanation too.
I can't be sure because rather than provide evidence for me and the readers you have simply stated that the soft tissue has been "refuted.
But on its primary goal it was given far too much credit because it virtually ignored the following positive evidence from this same paper and from elsewhere :. Contrary to Evolutionary Expectations : The propaganda now likely to come like denying the Junk DNA claim, and like denying that NASA feared deep moon dust is that Darwinists will begin to deny ever having doubted the ability of soft tissue to survive for millions and billions of years. So, preemptively against the same likely development regarding dinosaur soft tissue, we remember the Discover magazine report that "all hell broke loose" when "Schweitzer's dangerous discovery If you have a link to that video, please send it along to Bob rsr.
Smejkal [then associate professor molecular biology, University of New Hampshire]; Schweitzer. Because actual dinosaur soft-tissue protein biological material was being studied, a paleontologist Schweitzer teamed up with an associate professor of biochemistry and molecular biology from the University of New Hampshire now the visiting scientist, genetics, at the Harvard School of Public Health to publish in the peer-reviewed ERP which reports "from the field of proteomics [proteins] to advance scientific understanding of the many varied roles protein expression plays in human health and disease.
The authors examined fossils from 15 genera and found no original soft tissue but only bacterial biofilm contamination. Back in of course these authors were unaware of all later soft-tissue confirmations, but unreasonably even for then they glossed over the previously published immunological and protein sequence findings.
Kaye of the Burke Museum of Natural Historyet al.
Some atheists like our RSR debate opponent AronRa claim, without offering evidence, that the soft tissue finds have "been refuted. This PLoS One paper falsifies that surprisingly common interpretation among extant Darwinians : in that the paper's authors sought to reinterpret the still -soft elements as something other than endogenous dinosaur tissue, and they therefore directly acknowledge what has been claimed all along by the above published papers, that the previous papers claimed:.
The authors found bacterial biofilm and other structures that visually looked similar superficially to the structures found in the soft tissue findings. And their infrared investigation suggested that their dinosaur fossils were more similar to biofilm than to modern collagen. The primary helpful effect of their results was to add increased emphasis on the effort to exclude bacterial contamination from studies of dinosaur tissue.
For example, in the biofilm paper:. However, the apparent biological heme from Jack Horner's T.
This is why Schweitzer was working with immunologists. Regarding the claim of Kaye's paper, for the bacteria to help preserve the endogenous tissue requires its presence contemporaneously or shortly after the animal's burial. This timing might be inferred also because these species of bacteria might prefer to be feeding on the decaying animal carcass. Salzberg and Kaye's still unfinished JVP paper might help here.
Dinosaur soft tissue carbon dating
These Contrarian Authors Losing Defenders : Following the soft tissue developments carefully, it appears to us here at Real Science Radio that the frequency is declining of scientists linking to Kaye's paper as evidence against actual dinosaur soft tissue.
Even Michael Buckley, for example, who in in the journal Science strongly opposed Schweitzer's discovery, as of has become an advocate for the validity of the soft tissue finds.
Still, it is wrong to lump the above contrarian authors in with the many soft-tissue deniers including AronRa, Talk Origins, and League of Reason, who say things like Nigel Deplege. What you perhaps refer to is the discovery of fossilised impression of soft tissue structures.
Apparently, many atheists believe that this and perhaps the Salzberg unfinished paper has refuted all the soft-tissue finds, protein sequencing, immunological tests, etc. But a dozen institutions both before and after this paper, disagree and continue to publish their confirmations.
Fun YouTube Video Interlude : About this time, it seemed like many evolutionists would rather these discoveries never have happened even though they are the greatest paleobiological finds ever in history. So YouTube videos like this were produced to bring attention to the peer-reviewed findings that it seems our evolution-minded culture would rather ignore:. These authors report finding original biological tissue in the leg bone of a Hadrosaur, i.
Then, reaching out to Darwinist soft-tissue deniers with the required reassurances, the authors offered comfort to the evolutionist camp regarding their own commitment to common descent:. One wonders, however, into which clade whales and bats would be put in by the phylogenetic analyses of their echolocation sequences see Li, et al.
The team from the American Museum of Natural History and FSU found "that hadrosaurids actually had six different types of dental tissues - four more than reptiles and two more than expert mammal grinders An extremely well-preserved dinosaur Cf. Edmontosaurus sp. Amino acid composition analyses of the mineralized skin envelope clearly differ from the surrounding matrix The presence of endogenously derived organics from the skin was further demonstrated by pyrolysis gas chromatography mass spectrometry Py-GCMSindicating survival and presence of macromolecules These authors report finding original biological material feathers in an Archaeopteryx fossil from the Solnhofen limestone, although only enough to make identification of the appropriate compounds at the appropriate parts of the animal's anatomy including skull, claws, feathers, feather shafts, postcranial skeleton, and teeth.
They report:. A great paper, but the authors failed to report something that should be routine, the carbon 14 date of their specimens and the percentage of right and left-handedness of the amino acids.
Remarkable phrase dinosaur soft tissue carbon dating apologise, but
Amino acids synthesized in the lab appear in equal proportions of right- and left-handed acids and as the laws of chemistry predict and empirical evidence confirms, after death, amino acids racemize back to a mixture of right- and left-handedness. England's Royal Society published a time range for this physical process which, "produces totally racemized amino acids in 10 5 6 [, to 1,] years in most environments on the Earth.
However, a paper published in a Royal Society biology journal reports regarding T. Yet, even more unexpected for the evolutionist, allegedly far older insects in amber also yield mostly left-handed amino acids! This led evolutionist researchers, shockingly, to suggest a half-life of a billion years for racemization in amber!
Whereas almost all of the research on this dinosaur soft tissue webpage is reported from secular sources, we encourage you to see this creationist report of primarily left-handed amino acids in Wyoming oil shale in the Green River region and also in the supposedly three-billion year old Fig Tree Chert flint-like sedimentary rock that can contain small fossils in South Africa.
Carbon 14 Dating. DINOSAUR SOFT TISSUE AND OTHER ORGANIC MATERIAL FOUND DINOSAUR ORGANIC MATERIAL: Not only has dinosaur blood blood vessels, and collagen been found and confirmed by the whole scientific community, now fragments of collagen and iron rich proteins have been found within the walls of blood vessels. Scientists descrribe it as a. So just as scientists have begun reporting on the carbon dating of dinosaur soft tissue, and as they've found unracemized amino acids in Pleistocene egg shells and in allegedly 70 million year old titanosaur eggshells from France, RSR joins with the Royal Academy (although for different reasons) in calling for continued biomolecule research on. Researchers have found a reason for the puzzling survival of soft tissue and DNA fragments in dinosaur bones - the bones are younger than anyone ever guessed. Carbon (C) dating of multiple samples of bone from 8 dinosaurs found in Texas, Alaska, Colorado, and Montana revealed that they are only 22, to 39, years old.
So just as scientists have begun reporting on the carbon dating of dinosaur soft tissueand as they've found unracemized amino acids in Pleistocene egg shells and in allegedly 70 million year old titanosaur eggshells from FranceRSR joins with the Royal Academy although for different reasons in calling for continued biomolecule research on dinosaur fossils including in determining their degree of left handedness.
We also call for Carbon 14 dating of some of our "oldest" amber specimens. Creationist Duane Gish, highly qualified to address the topic, points out that factors affecting a specimen, including variation in temperature and especially pH acidity vs. So even brief heating can speed the racemization process.
So RSR predicts much more left-handedness will be found in supposedly ancient dinosaur tissue. I also expect that the soft-tissue dinosaur claims will be fully vindicated because I believe what Jesus Christ said that, 'from the beginning of the creation, God 'made them male and female.
Maps and spectra from the fossil are directly comparable to extant reptile skin. Furthermore, infrared results are corroborated by several additional quantitative methods Taken together, all the analyses performed in this study strongly suggest that the fossilized reptile skin Creation Debate that scientists have never even claimed to have discovered actual original biological material.
In the following excerpts, of course a biomarker is an indicator of a biological state. And organocopper is a compound in organic chemistry. And within organic chemistry is the specialty of biomolecular chemistry that looks for biomarkers which are indicators of biological processes. Archaeopteryx had black melanin in its feathers darker at the tips as determined by the distribution and the dimensions of its melanosomes which were measured at only a quarter of a millionth of a meter nanometers wide.
They will not allow others to date bones in their possession! Our Paleo team has Carbon 14 dated dinosaur bones from Texas, Colorado, Montana, China, North Dakota, and Alaska by professional labs using accelerator mass spectrometry.
Every sample dates to between 23, and 39, years before the present.
Did Asteroids kill the dinosaurs? When did Asteroids hit. See below and on our Carbon 14 dating page. Carbon 14 Dating. Scientists descrribe it as a "startling find" especially since the dinosaur bone it was found in was reported to be million years old. Dinosaur organic matter found Imagine the impossibility of a dinosaur bone not turning to stone, not decaying and crumbling to dust and the contents inside the bone surviving.
What is involved would be million years of summer, winter, rain, snow, droughts, floods, earthquakes, crustal movement, perhaps a million or more of these events and yet this bone with its organic matter is still there.
A few years ago scientists worldwide agreed that no organic material could ever survive beyond thousands of years. There are two possibilities here to explain what is happening. One explanation is that somehow organic matter truly survives millions of years and we did not know it.
The other more reasonable explanation is that these bones are not million years old and that the method used to determine that million year age is flawed. Our research at the paleo group shows that the age determing method is in error.
We have carbon dated dinosaur bones from all over the world and they all have easily measurable amounts of Carbon 14 in them. This proves that the bones are only thousands and not millions of years old.
If one does exhaustive research on dating methods one finds that carbon dating is more reliable more studied more widely used than any other dating method. It can also be cross checked by using historical data such as tree ring counting.
Dating methods that give ages in millions of years are more in doubt if one carefully studys the methods and assumptions. Our research has been largely ignored and mainstream science has even refused to test our results by trying their own carbon dating of dinosaur bones. This is not the scientific way, ignoring new information because it does not fit your present ideas!! They have even refused to publish our findings in America.
Our team published a paper in Scientific article on dating dinosaur bones in Germany and in the National Research Council of Italy in As little as years ago mainstream English speaking scientist did not believe that stones fell from the sky contrary to all the anecdotal evidence over the past centuries. Asteroids are usually referred to as being a solid rock from outer space whereas comets are usually a mixture of ice and rock and typically burn up before hitting the earth.
In a large something from outer space destroyed thousands of acres of forest in Tunguska.
Good phrase dinosaur soft tissue carbon dating Let will
Scientist for the last hundred years have been searching for a crator or remnants of space rock. Finally in scientist think they have found an impact site at the bottom of a nearby lake Cheko. Whats at the bottom might be shattered rocks or impact melt or maybe a piece of meteorite.
Dinosaur soft tissue with Brian Thomas
National Geographic reports that scientist Dallas Abbott from Columbia University has been gathering data and announcing for the past ten years that a giant tsunami deposited ocean floor sediment on Madigascar. The sediments cover an area 2 times the size of Manhattan and are over feet tall. Somewhere in the Indian ocean is thought to be where the giant asteroid struck that produced this giant wave. More shocking is the fact that the microfossils in this sediment were dated to less than 7, years ago.
The really disturbing conclusion is that civilization destroying bolides such as these have happened not millions of years ago but thousands of years ago.
Theme.... dinosaur soft tissue carbon dating All above told
We agree with Dallas Abbott that dangerous meteors have struck the earth in recent times and that the governments of the world should be aware of this fact. In northern Arizona is a large Meteor Crater, the Barringer Crater, Its well preserved shape suggests a very recent origin.
During the last years numerous attempts have been made to determine when this event happened. The age of this event has varied from years ago toyears ago.
It all depends on what age determination method is used and what assumptions are made using the method. The Hopi Indians who live in that area have legends about the meteor's impact.
On October 13, , Denver radio talk show host Bob Enyart called paleontologist Jack Horner about testing the soft tissue fossil for carbon Enyart had people willing to write a grant to Horner in the amount of $20, just for permission to have the fossil tested for Carbon I . May 13, Over the past three years, ICR News has featured over 20 cases of original soft tissues found in fossilized remains around the world.1 Since tissues like skin and cartilage are known to spontaneously decay in only thousands of years, these published finds clearly show that the fossils could not be millions of years old. Careful chemical analyses published in peer-reviewed journals concluded Author: BRIAN THOMAS, PH.D.
Since they would have been living in the area at the time to have observed and passed on a tradition of the event for posterity, that would limit the impact to less than 10, years ago.
It is thought by some to have been the cause of the death of the dinosaurs. Our research shows that all dinosaur bones tested have Carbon 14 in them which indicated that they are only thousands not millions of years old.
Since that is the case if in fact these dinosaurs died as a result of the asteroid hit at Chicxulub then the asteroid hit also only thousands of years ago! Numerous unpetrified dinosuar bones found in Mesozoic strata have been dated and average 31, radio carbon years old. The Mesozoic strata was laid down at the same time as the dinosaur bones and are the same age.
This strata contains hundreds of asteroids which have been identified thus far. Now that we know the strata they struck is tens of thousands of years old and not millions of years old, we can see that asteroids arrive at a rate around times higher than previously projected.
Its arrival was caught on video. The impact was calculated as the equivalent of a blast oftons of TNT. It shattered windows and damaged over 3, buildings and injured people.