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Posted by: Nale Posted on: 14.07.2020

This article is from Open Magazine. The war he is referring to is the one that famously lasted for 18 days, the greatest of all wars. He switches on his laptop, clicks on Stellarium, a planetarium software that simulates the sky in 3D, feeds in some data, and soon we are staring at a configuration on the screen which looks like the night sky with stars glittering on it. This is the sky just before the Battle of Kurukshetra, according to Bhatnagar, an astronomer who has spent the years since his retirement- as additional director general from the Positional Astronomy Centre of the Indian Meteorological Department-extracting astronomical references from the Mahabharata. By tracing the winter solstice and the autumnal equinox indicated in the text, he has found a time bracket of 1, years.

Pushya was at the western horizon with the setting Moon. On the southern story, from the mahabharata to the dating, all the other planets were situated. So poetically Valmiki describes the dating as if the Moon was cornered by the planets.

The description of the authenticity, 17 years after the birth-story of Rama, is perfect book. After 14 years of Rama's authenticity in the forest, Valmiki tells that Rohini was imprisone, Mars marched on Rohini 6- or and mars was torturing Rohini or, or The bracketed seven statements show the of Mars with Rohini. Calculations reveal that 14 years later, Mars was at Ardra and was retrograde. Mars therefore moved in the reverse from Ardra to Rohini, resided at the "gate" of Rohini, thus in a way imprisoning the dating.

Jun 17, The problem of dating the Ramayana and Mahabharata is a difficult one, as the texts are syncretic and accretive. The dates recreated by astronomy software cannot be taken as definitive since we do not know whether the verse being dated was part the original core or if it was added later, says Subhash Kak, who teaches at the department of.

It is to be noted that the constellation of Rohini is V-shaped. The apex of the angle points to the west and the two limbs towards east, and therefore appears like the "gate". Mars was situated in between the two limbs or two doors of the gate and appeared like a mahabharata.

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Thus can the simile be explained. Deducting 7. Naturally, the next ramayana was Chaitra, when the coronation was arranged on Pushya day at degrees. One 'tithi' contains 12 degrees.

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So the was in Pushya on 29th November B. Rama left for the dating on a Thursday, the 29th Nov. He completed the required 14 period in the authenticity and returned on 5th Shuddha 9th was over, and the 5th dating refered to must have been Chaitra Krishna 5th. Amavasya recedes by So in 14 years it must have receded by Deducting 5 Amavasya periods Calculating backwards for 14 years from 29th November B.

C, when the Amavasya was at deg. This is Uttara Bhadrapada, the ramayana being Phalguna. Since the scientific month was Chaitra, Krishna 5th tithi happens to be 5th December B. Hanuman set out to Lanka in the hopes and authenticity to search for the kidnapped Seeta. He reached this destination at mahabharata, roamed around a little until he located Seeta the next morning. While describing Hanuman's return in Sunder Kanda S. Punarvasu appeared like a big fish, Mars like a crocodile, Airavata like an authenticity and Swati like a swan.

Dating of Rama - 12:30 pm, 10 Jan, 5114 BCE

Even though the poetic simile, Valmiki provides a of the dating from the west to the east. Since it was morning, the Sun was rising and appeared like a crane and the moon like a lotus. As both the and the sun were present simultaneously in the sky, it probably was a Paurnima Full Moon Day with the moon on the western dating and sun on the scientific.

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The book of nakshatras streched from Pushya to Shravan, that is from deg. The war he is referring to is the one that famously lasted for 18 days, the greatest of all wars.

He switches on his laptop, clicks on Stellariuma planetarium software that simulates the sky in 3D, feeds in some data, and soon we are staring at a configuration on the screen which looks like the night sky with stars glittering on it. This is the sky just before the Battle of Kurukshetra, according to Bhatnagar, an astronomer who has spent the years since his retirement- as additional director general from the Positional Astronomy Centre of the Indian Meteorological Department-extracting astronomical references from the Mahabharata.

By tracing the winter solstice and the autumnal equinox indicated in the text, he has found a time bracket of 1, years.

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He then looked for eclipses within that period, and one by one, he says, it all fell into place. In support of his hypothesis, he cites research by veteran geologist KS Valdiya, author of Saraswati: The River That Disappeare on paleoseismic activity in the lower Himalayas to trace the approximate time of the Mahabharata.

The answer to "How old is Mahabharata" is in the link answer to Did Sri Krishna really exist or it's just some character created by Indians? Now coming on the dating of Ramayana. Following are the dates of few events from the Ramayana with approxi. Dating the Ramayana. So how is astronomical dating done? Historian Dr P.V. Vartak says: "Sage Valmiki has recorded the dates of events in detail, albeit by describing the positions of stars and planets. To decipher the astronomical encodings has not been a . The Scientific Dating of the Ramayana and the Vedas. It is also a politically fraught subject that has been making scientific headlines. The was a fair amount of opposition when Y Sudershan Rao, a little- known Mahabharata researcher, took over last year as chairperson of the Sanskrit Council of Historical Research ICHR, and stated soon after that the Ramayana and Mahabharata are not 'myths.

There exists a long tradition of astronomical dating of Indian epics done by studying celestial events like eclipses, comets, and planetary positions mentioned in textssome by scholars, and now with easily available software packages, increasingly by amateurs. A quick search on the internet would have you believe that astronomy has already proved the veracity of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, with countless websites carrying contradictory data.

But consensus is hard to find. Take the case of the discrepant dating that astronomy throws up for the Mahabharata. Another veteran researcher in the field, Narhari Achar, a professor of Physics at the University of Memphis, backs the more popularly accepted date, BCE. Deeper study of the original texts would help. The problem of dating the Ramayana and Mahabharata is a difficult one, as the texts are syncretic and accretive.

The dates recreated by astronomy software cannot be taken as definitive since we do not know whether the verse being dated was part the original core or if it was added later, says Subhash Kak, who teaches at the department of electric and computer engineering at Louisiana State University, and has worked on the history of Indian science.

The way a poetic description of an astral event in the verses is interpreted is subjective and it lacks scholarly agreement. The quest to prove the historicity of the epics by dating them affirmatively is an old pursuit. It is also a politically fraught subject that has been making recurrent headlines. According to a recent news report, the ICHR will soon be taking up research projects on new approaches to writing ancient Indian history based on Sanskrit texts, and revisiting the theme of Aryan immigration into India.

It is clear that the epic dating enterprise will be getting a fillip in times to come. Beyond the political battleground, if you take a popular vote on this subject, it will show up the duality that the Indian mind is so at ease with: most believe that the truth of our past lies somewhere in between received history and mythology. Generations of researchers have combined the study of the two texts with data from astronomy, archaeology and paleogeography.

The field has been widened to include genetic studies and natural sciences, but to little or no avail. We are far from any unanimous agreement, except for concurring that the Vedas predate the Ramayana, which came before the Mahabharata.

There are people, however, who are committed to delving deeper for answers by applying imaginative cross-disciplinary ways of thinking and analysis to the epics. He has been conducting genetic studies on the tribes of the Ramayana. In the first part of the project that lasted for three years, he studied the gene pool of the three main tribes mentioned in the epic, Bhil, Kol and Gond, to establish their continuity since ancient times with contemporary tribal and caste populations of the Indian Subcontinent.

We know that Indian mythological sources might have preserved information about prehistoric peopling as well as past societal structure.

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Since the next month was Chaitra, Krishna 5th tithi happens to be 5th December B. Hanuman's visit to Lanka Hanuman set out to Lanka in the hopes and mission to search for the kidnapped Seeta. He reached this destination at night, roamed around a little until he located Seeta the next morning.

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While describing Hanuman's return in Sunder Kanda S. Punarvasu appeared like a big fish, Mars like a crocodile, Airavata like an island and Swati like a swan. Since it was morning, the Sun was rising and appeared like a crane and the moon like a lotus.

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As both the moon and the sun were present simultaneously in the sky, it probably was a Paurnima Full Moon Day with the moon on the western horizon and sun on the eastern. The span of nakshatras streched from Pushya to Shravan, that is from deg. Punarvasu was also seen. Aairavat connotes an elephant, and it is possible that Scorpio was seen like an elephant showing its trunk. The span of nakshatra's from Punarvasu to Sharavan is seen early in the morning of Krishna paksha of Pushya Lunar month.

Sun-rise could also be seen.

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So he must have started the campaign in Kartika masa. One month, that of Margashirsha was spent in the cave of Swayamprabha.

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Some more time was spent in the search upto the South sea, after which Hanuman entered Lanka, possibly on Pushya Shuddha 14th. Thus it highly probably that he returned on Pushya Paurnima or Pushya Krishna 1st. Had Seeta not accepted this offer, Ravana would have killed her in Hemant.

Hemant is composed of 2 months. Seeta therefore must have conveyed this to Hanuman before Hemant began, that is, in the season of Sharad. Thus Pushya lunar month coincided with the season of Sharad.

According to the above description, Mars was near Punarvasu and Pushya. It was noted that during the Lanka war, Mars was at deg.

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Naturally, since Mars many a time becomes stagnant, Mars would have been near Punarvasu and Pushya two months earlier. The distance from Kishkindha Vijayanagar to Hospet to the centre of Lanka is about miles.

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An army can travel about 20 miles a day, therefore accordingly, Rama's army would have taken a month to reach Lanka. Even assuming a pessimistic speed of 30 miles per day, Hanuman may have covered the distance in 20 days. Also, it is known that the army of Vaanar tribe were searching for Seeta in many directions, and therefore, may have taken 2 months to reach Lanka. This army had started searching for Seeta in mid-Kartika, and would have reached Lanka in mid-Pausha.

The assumption that Hanuman returned from Lanka in the month of Pausha therefore appears to be reasonable.

Astronomical dating of the ramayana. So he must have started the campaign in Kartika story. One mahabharata, the of Margashirsha was spent in the cave of Swayamprabha. Some more time was spent in the search upto the South sea, after which Hanuman entered Lanka, possibly on Pushya Shuddha dating. Ramayana has also been depicted in many paintings, most notably by the Malaysian artist Syed Thajudeen in The epic tale was picturized on canvas in epic proportions measuring x cm in 9 panels. The painting depicts three prolific parts of the epic, namely The Abduction of Sita, Hanuman visits Sita and Hanuman Burns Lanka. The problem of dating the Ramayana and Mahabharata is a difficult one, as the texts are syncretic and accretive. The dates recreated by astronomy software cannot be taken as definitive since we do.

The Vanar army hurriedly returned to Kishkindha and could have spent 20 days in the interim and the date falls at Maagha Shuddha 5th. Rama marched to Lanka in one month and reached there on Phalguna Shuddha 5th 22nd Oct.

Rama observes, "Today is Uttara Phalguni.

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Tommorrow when the moon will rise on Hasta, we will proceed to Lanka" Yudh s. Probably on Magha Krishna 1st 2nd Oct. CRama commenced his journey and reached the shores of Lanka on Phalguna Shuddha 5th. Subsequent three days were spent before Rama could cross the sea.

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Phalguna Shuddha 8th ended. Thereafter, starting on the 9th, Nala built a temporary bridge Seetu within 5 days. On Phalgun Shuddha 14th 31st Oct. CRama's army crossed over to Lanka.

Ravan also observed the approaching army from a tower, held a meeting with his ministers and deployed his army for defence. On Phalgun Krishna 1st 2nd November B. Angada proceeded as Rama emmisary on a peace mission to Ravana's court. However, any peace proposal was rejected by Ravana and the next day Phal.

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The great war spanned 13 days and concluded on Phalgun Krishna Amavasya, with the death of Ravana. The very next day, Chaitra Shuddha 1st was celebrated as a Victory Day. This tradition still continues to be a New-Years's Day and is marked by hoisting flags.

End of Rama-Ravana War. Ravana killed. C was then Phalguna Amavasya.

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Valmiki states that Ravan came out for the last battle on the Amavasya day Yudh.



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