Chinese ceramics have been copied for hundreds of years by Chinese potters, out of a reverence for an earlier period, but also to fool buyers - so buyer beware. There is no quicker way to learn about pieces than to handle as many as possible. Take advantage of the large numbers of Chinese ceramics offered around the world at reputable auction houses. In many ways, auction houses are better than museums because you can handle the pieces. This gives an understanding of what a ceramic should feel like in the hand, the weight of the piece and the quality of the painting. Building the knowledge needed to authenticate Chinese ceramics can take many years. There is nothing that a specialist with a little time on their hands likes better than to talk about their subject.
In the late Ming dynasty in the 17th century the Dehua wares were creamy in tone but by the 19th century these became more ivory and white. Also during the Ming dynasty, the kilns at Jingdezhen in the south of China produced most of the blue and white ceramics.
Always look at the bases of the ceramics because fakers often do not get these correct. The way a base of a vessel is cut, finished and glazed changes throughout the dynasties, so looking at bases can help enormously with dating and authentication.
Potters who are trying to fake ceramics often may not have an original example to look at, relying instead on photographs in auction catalogues or books that do not feature the bases. This decorative element changed a lot over the course of the centuries.
This inadvertently gave texture, energy and shading to the design and was highly admired in the 18th century.
Suggest you dating chinese vases for that
Later potters mastered the technique of firing blue and white wares to achieve a more even cobalt blue tone. The blue varied throughout the dynasties. For example, during the Wanli period - blue and white wares often have a greyish-blue tone; in the Jiajing period - blue and white wares tend to have an almost purplish blue. The shapes of ceramics evolved throughout the dynasties. For example, Song dynasty ceramics often drew on nature for their inspiration and have foliate forms. Chinese ceramics also have beautiful proportions.
A vase or bowl that looks out of proportion is an indication that a neck or mouth has been ground down. A guan -type trilobed double-gourd-form vase, Qianlong six-character seal mark in underglaze blue and of the period What is an acceptable condition depends on whether the ceramic is Imperial quality or not and when it was made.
Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi-(Chinese emperor Qianlong period make) but unfortunately not of the period. It is a Chinese new decorative ware not older than the s. Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi "Great Qing Qianlong Period Make". Probably 20th century. "Qianlong Nian Zhi" "Qianlong Period Make". Modern mark, after Inscriptions and marks of varying types appeared on Chinese pottery and porcelain with increasing frequency from the Tang Dynasty ( - CE) through to the Republic in the early years of the 20th century. From imperial marks to the many "hall" and auspicious marks used by scholars, collectors, potters and artists this is the essential book for all professional buyers, collectors and. Dated Chinese Porcelain. This is a list of Chinese porcelain pieces that have been decorated in such a way that the decoration includes a date. The dates are almost exclusively given as Chinese cyclical dates, which are repeated in 60th year thatliz.comt a reference to the period of the reigning emperor, it is thus possible to by mistake date a piece 60 years back or forward in time.
For example, on a non-Imperial porcelain vessel made in the 17th century, such as a Kraak ware charger, you would expect to see some kiln grit or kiln dust to the base and perhaps a firing flaw that would have occurred in the kiln.
These would be acceptable. A rare large Ming-style blue and white moonflask, bianhuYongzheng six-character seal mark in underglaze blue and of the period However, you would not expect to find these kind of flaws on an 18th-century Imperial mark and period ceramic because the firing techniques would have been refined. Whereas 15 years ago only mint-condition mark and period ceramics would have been considered acceptable, now collectors will consider ceramics that have been broken and restored or which have hairline cracks.
Reign marks state the dynasty and the name of the emperor for which an item was made, and were used on all ceramics made for the Emperor and his Imperial household. However, do not rely on a reign mark to establish the age of a piece. Chinese copy of Japanese "Satsuma" ware. After Modern mark on a copy of Japanese "Satsuma" ware. The Shende Tang was completed inthus making Daoguang pieces with this mark attributable to the two decades between and ; see Ming Wilson, Rare Marks on Chinese CeramicsLondon,cat.
This could be translated as 'Made for the Hall of Prudent Virtue'. This mark first appeared in the Daoguang period and continued to be used until mid 20 th Century. This mark: Guangxu period or a few decades into the 20th century. This mark: Probably early to mid 20th century. Taiwan Mark on modern Chinese porcelain spoon. In the Tang Shan earthquake wiped out the entire city. Tang Shan has produced porcelain of good quality but less known then it southern competitors Jingdezhen in Jiangxi province and the Liling kiln in Hunan but has produced grand pieces in similar styles.
The Tangshan Ceramic book tell there were three major porcelain factories in Tangshan from s. The Qi Xin Factory, first established in and changed name to Tangshan 5th factory around s, sub-divided to Yue Feng Sub-division Factory in The second factory was the De Cheng factory and the third, the Xin Min factory. Vase decorated in green monochrome glaze. Mark: unclear but probably Min Gou Tang Shandate c. Click here to see large picture Tongzhi Nian Zhi-Tongzhi Period Make For all practical purposes I have decided to think of all hand written Tongzhi marks as of the Tongzhi period and those who are stamped, as later and with few exceptions of the later Guangxu period So far this seems to make sense with the certain exception of marks from the Cultural Revolution period, when Tongzhi marks enjoyed an unexplained popularity on items decorated in Macau or Hong Kong.
One complicating matter is also that some seal marks that looks stamped could well be hand drawn or, stamped and then manually touched up. In those cases I think we can assume that the piece is of the period.
Handwritten and probably of the period. Unfortunately we don't have a picture of the piece. Teapot with sepia decoration from Journey to the West. Mark most carefully hand drawn to look like a neat seal. Possibly of the period. Stamped mark, probably Guangxu period or slightly thereafter. Stamped mark, dating to after the Guangxu period comfirmed by date in the inscription "made by Cheung Wen-tai in the winter of ", inscription meant to congratulate people on a bright and promising career etc.
Click here to see large picture Click here for a close-up of the caligraphy Probably Guangxu period or later Click here to see large picture Probably Guangxu period The frame around the mark appears unusually wide but since both the characters and the dishes themselves appears to be correct, I don't think there is any reason to doubt the mark as being correct. This mark is probably not antique.
The date is uncertain and no picture of the piece is available for help. The mark is similar to mark but the general looks seems to suggest Macau decorated porcelain from third quarter of the 20th century. Tongzhi Nian Zhi, Da Qing For all practical purposes I have decided to think of all hand written Tongzhi marks as of the period and those who are stamped, as later and usually of the Guangxu period.
So far as when compared to the dated reference porcelain we have collected so far this seems to work. One minor complicating matter is that some seal marks that looks stamped could well be hand drawn or, stamped and then manually improved. The quality of the pieces is always more important then what the mark says.
Dish fencai decoration on Celadon ground. Date: Second half of the 19th century. Date: Second half of the 19th century possible of the period. Probably Guangxu period or somewhat later. Good quality stamped mark. Probably Guangxu period or later. Bowl with coral red enamel. Apparently hand drawn mark. Thanks to the triangular number mark, easy to pinpoint to Macau or Hong Kong s or later. Ginger jar with enamel decoration. The mark is stamped.
Date probably third quarter of the 20th century. Factory still in operation. Mark: "UW". Mark used by United Wilson Porcelain Factory. Mark: UW. Used by United Wilson, Hong Kong. Porcelain manufactured in China.
Date: Modern, probably s. No western characters were used together with this mark. Peng Chau is a small island, one hour boat journey east of the Hong Kong island, with only a few inhabitants.
The factory was one of five or six on Peng Chau and at most employed 80 workers. The decorators was trained by experts having moved from Jingdezhen. Mark: Wah Lee Factory Made. Factory owner's dating: Wan Shou Wu Jiang -decorations Wan-Auspicious character meaning innumerable, literary 'ten thousand'. Occurs in modern contemporary Chinese porcelain decorations. Probably Shou-Auspicious character meaning 'longevity'. Wu-Auspicious character meaning 'no', together with jiang as in wujiang meaning 'limitless'.
Jiang-Auspicious character meaning 'border', together with wu as in wujiang meaning 'limitless'. Click here to see large picture Wanyu Wanyu appears on Chinese porcelain from the Kangxi period and onwards. The meaning is rather abstract but can perhaps be translated as "jade trinket" or "antique porcelain as fine as jade". The mark first appeared in Kangxi but has been used well into the 20th century. It is also one of the marks used on later Bleu de Hue porcelain for the Vietnamese market Small vase, coral red enamels with stamped gilt decoration.
Height 11 cm. Mark: Wan Yu. Date: Late Qing to Early Republic. Mark: Wanyu"jade trinket". Porcelain appears to be Bleu de Hue from around Plate, mark: Wanyu. Mark: Wanyu. This mark appears to be applied with a rubber stamp, underglaze blue decoration transfer printed. Date probably or later. Click here to see large picture Wen Wena Chinese surname Mark: Wen. A chinese surname, also the word for script, writing.
Date; late 20th century, probably around Click here to see large picture "WL " Hong Kong based modern porcelain factory This mark is modern. It occurs in red, blue or black. There has been a lot of confusion about this mark however some pieces with this mark have been found with a sticker saying "Made in China".
Other carries the text "not for food" which is not applied on porcelain predating around while others are only marked WL The porcelain pieces are generally made in an old style, often with a crackled ground and often with badly cast bronze ormolu fittings.
Shall dating chinese vases are mistaken
On the foot rim is sometimes found two Chinese characters meaning "fang gu" or "imitating old relic " which belongs to the time after the Cultural Revolution that ended in The porcelain itself does not immediately look as from Jingdezhen while it remains possible. The enamel decoration appears similar to what I have begun to call Macau style.
On the whole, the origin appears to be a commercial Chinese export, active from maybe the s and onwards. Exactly where the porcelain wares itself is made remains unknown.
Date: Modern, probably c. Origin unknown. On the foot rim what appears to be Chinese numbers. Mark: " WL " On plain white porcelain, added to the base is the text warning about not suitable for food plus a sticker saying "Made in China". Porcelain figures of dogs.
Decorated in underglaze blue. Date: Modern, probably second half of 20th century. Porcelain box decorated with Masonic emblems. Calligraphy written from left to right in the modern way. Writing from left to right in a single line along with the general use of European-American grammar structure occurs after the mids in mainland China alone.
The foot has a hole for hanging. Second half 20th century. The meaning is that the decoration is added in Hong Kong, which implies that the porcelain blanks could be either Chinese or Japanese. Date s to s. Xiezhu Zhuren zao According to legend the Yellow Emperor ordered his minister Ling Lun to make musical instruments with bamboo from the Xie Valley, and gradually the term 'xie bamboo' was used to refer to wind instruments such as the flute and the pipe.
Judging from the number of extant porcelains with this mark it is most unlikely that all the vessels were commissioned by one single person, thus Xiezhu Zhuren was probably the name of a private kiln.
Most of its products are overglaze-decorated, and the mark is always written in overglaze iron red enamel, in seal script within a square. A variant of this mark is the Xiezhu zao mark without the word 'master'which is rarer. Mark Xiezhu Zhuren zao Made by the Master of Wind Music in seal script within a square is written in overglaze red on the base.
Name Mark or Collector's Mark, first appeared in the Daoguang period which is the likely date for this mark. Name Mark or Collector's Mark, first appeared in the Daoguang period. Likely date for this mark is mid 20th century. It occurs on porcelain figures in 18thth century style, elaborate vases with applied decoration and plates. Marks appear handwritten and stamped. The handwritten mark is found on plate that I feel is of a style developed in Guangzhou Canton in the s.
The stamped marks appears to be later; s or even later, and on pieces in Macau or Hong Kong style enamels. Private Collector's or factory mark on porcelain figures in 18thth century style.
Mid to late 20th century. Guangzhou Canton or Hong Kong style late enamels- fencai. Vase with applied decoration of flowers. Lidded jar with decoration of flowers. Probably Macao style late enamels - fencai.
Mid to late 20th century, tentative date c. Guangzhou Canton or Hong Kong style late enamels, fencai. Mark: Yang Cheng. The picture is a pair of goats holding a vase. Possibly s. Myth legend tells of Guangzhou was founded by Five Immortals riding five rams, each ram planted a stalks of rice grain which symbolizes abundant of harvest or prosperity. Tentative date around the s. Matching years for "Wu Chen" are,and so on. Yong [? China, mid 20th century. Mark: "Yong '? On the inside a sticker saying "Made in the Peoples Republic of China".
Large fish bowl, decorated in traditional Rose Medallion style. Tentative date c. Underglaze blue hand painted seal mark. Mid 20th century, high quality. Red rubber stamped seal mark. This one I am very uncertain about since I have only got these pictures to look at. The decoration as such on this vase could be Guangxu early 20th century but the vase and its mark looks at most a decade old to me. The enamels also seems from the picture to be similar to the ones used in Macau, in the s.
Still, this mark is also included in the Macau section until further until we have seen more of this type and can date it with a greater amount of certainty. Date latter part of 20th century. The two last characters Jian zhi means "Overseen and Produced Make ". These marks are all applied onto modern porcelain related to United Wilson of Hong Kong.
The porcelain most likely dates to the second half of the 20th century. Crackled glaze. Mark: You Xian Ju Jianzhi. Stamped figure mark. Tentative date last quarter of the 20th century. Porcelain box with lid.
That interrupt dating chinese vases opinion
Porcelain service with enamel decoration. Decorative Armorial tureen with unknown initials. Base mark: You Xian Ju Jianzhi. Porcelain figure. Mark: You Xian Ju Zhi. Stamped mark. Probably related to United Wilson, Hong Kong. Modern mark, North Chinese porcelain factory, c. Modern mark, on modern Chinese porcelain spoon.
Mark: Zhongguo Lingnan. Zhongguo - "China". Characters written from left to right suggesting a date from C. Mark from a square flask with 4 landscapes by Wang Yetingone of the "eight friends of Zhushan", dated It is unlikely that the date of the painting in this case matches the mark which should date to the mid s or later. Zhongguo Jingdezhen - China Jingdezhen. Mark from two gilt on coral ground dishes. Dated by Mr. Kung, porcelain merchant in Hong Kong, to the s.
Similar dishes are still being made.
Kung, porcelain merchant in Hong Kong, towhich seems like a large jump from the very similar above. Porcelain vase made in "Jingdezhen" in to mark the Chinese cultural revolution, led by chairman Mao. I would prefer to date these marks as just "modern" and unlikely to be much older than the s. The first mark listed here is from a mug dated to which confirms the timeframe as the last quarter of the 20th century.
Mark from a mug dated Lidded tea cup, c. Possibly modern mark c. In these marks the characters are written in the traditional old fashioned way meaning from top to bottom, from right to left. This is the traditional way of writing despite that the name of China has been chosen for the mark which suggests to me a period for this mark, to between the establishing of the Peoples Republic of China in and the Cultural Revolution in The vase is a Chinese copy of Japanese Satsuma style moriage.
Tentative date Probably Hong Kong c. This mark is unique so far in that the characters are drawn one by one inside a frame. The zhong character is drawn as a bow and arrow. The decoration on this bowl is printed in a horrible quality and surely dates to the Cultural Revolution period Mark: Made in China, Date c. Mark: Zhongguo Zhi Zao - China made. This manner of writing dates on the whole to the period of the Cultural Revolution, meaning from around the late s and later.
Jun 02, (5) The Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art is a collection of approximately 1, pieces of Chinese ceramics from the Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties, including the famous pair of Yuan-dynasty dated vases. Qianlong porcelain can be broadly divided into three categories: guanyao (imperial), minyao (porcelain for the people), and thatliz.como and minyao porcelain share many of the same glazes, shapes, and designs. This category encompasses pieces such as monochromes (pieces glazed with a single colour which are appreciated for their elegance of form and richness of glaze) and the aforementioned. Jul 15, This article includes a summary of the different vase shapes for Chinese porcelain vases to help turn the novice Antiques collector into an expert! Song Dynasty (- AD) 1.
Zhongguo Zhi Zaomeaning 'China Make'. Contemporary, last quarter of the 20th century. Second half of the 20th century. In this mark "Zhi Zao" is used which would rather translate as make -something new, to produce something out of raw material- while the more common "Zhi Zuo" could be translated as the more profane manufacture.
On Chinese "Satsuma" copy basically "new", possible period s In this mark "Zhi Zao" is used which would rather translate as make - something new, to produce something out of raw material- while the more common "Zhi Zuo" could be translated as the more profane manufacture.
In photo 2, left hand side within reserve, a date of '73 can be seen, likely to be Date: "Off the shelf" February The similarity to mark Mark: Zhongguo - China, c. The use of alphabetic characters and numbers in the marks also seems to have started around this time. Long time porcelain merchant in Hong Kong, Mr. When asked if a factory could have more than one number, he also said that as far as he knew there were only one number for one factory.
Now this doesn't match with reality since in long runs of the same pattern there seems to be different characters appearing at random. They were simply put onto export wares to look nice. This really matches with the lack of system we have noticed so far and can possibly be true for the last decades, but was it so in the beginning? The research continues. One possibility is that the marks did have an organizational importance in the beginning but that the marks after some time got garbled.
Plate with mark: Zhongguo, Jingdezhen - China, Jingdezhen. Modern mark c. Flower pot with printed western export market Christmas decoration, date second half 20th century. Bowl with transfer printed decoration, date second half 20th century. Mark: Zhongguo Chaozhou - "China Swatow" Plate with "mille fleure"-decoration. The area is North West of Guangdong area, previously better know as part of Swatow. Underglaze blue and white eggshell bowl acquired at a private street side shop stall in Jingdezhen Factory or brand name on modern Chinese porcelain.
Xiang Shan Elephant Hill Brand. Elephant Hill is a popular tourist attraction in Guilin, Guangxi Province. The "S. H" in green is likely the hanyu pinyin acronym of "Xin Hua". Last decades of the 20th C. Modern ware, late 20th century. Modern, blue and white lidded tea bowl. Possibly late 20th C.
Possibly late 19th C. Modern commercial replica of early 18th century blue and white porcelain acquired from China in Mark on blue and white spoon, possibly Originally common under Kangxi period but this stiff version is later, probably early 20th century.
Possibly early Republic c. Kangxi period, c. Made by Bo Gu - the name of the artist? Seal mark within single frame. Wax seal "jianding"-modern export permit. Uncertain date. Possible new. The bird is commonly known as a 'White headed Granny'. The caption says 'Prosperity unto the old age'. The flower is likely peony, which is the flower of prosperity in Chinese.
A similar piece with identical caption is in Dated Porcelain section, markwith a signed date of Tentative date of this dish: around Copper red vase bound in metal. Unknown mark. Could possible be a combination of several Chinese character with the meanings of produce zhanpindaily tian tianand China zhong ware yao.
Plate with transfer printed decoration in underglaze blue and white. Most likely year matching "Bing Shen" are The XXX is undecipherable. Tentative date is the s. Date c. Possibly Hong Kong decorated.
Late 20th century, c. Artists name seal. Same as our 27 Click here to see large picture Xu Fu Xing Hao - "Xu" family or company. Tentative date s or slightly later. Mark: "Hand Painted Porcelain". Tentative date: Mid 20th century.
Zhou Jun Song artist name Zhi Made. Xuantong period. Large bowl.
Mar 31, Chinese ceramics also have beautiful proportions. A vase or bowl that looks out of proportion is an indication that a neck or mouth has been ground down. A guan -type trilobed double-gourd-form vase, Qianlong six-character seal mark in underglaze blue and of the period . 7 ? in ( cm) high. Identifying Chinese porcelain involves more than just knowing the mark in order to decide age and manufacturer, as many novices do believe. See a comparison of Chinese and non-Chinese marks. The identification and authentication of Chinese porcelain is a complex process of an overall verification of a number of factors.
Square seal mark in archaic script within double frames. Dove blue enamels that came about through the Da Ya Zhai porcelains "Grand Elegant Court" porcelain for the Empress Dowager Cixi that was developed during the end of the 19th century and much copied during the early 20th century.
Likely date Hair's oil jar. Dated Toilet table box. Decoration: 'Qilin delivering a son'. Compare dated mark Mark imitating a lacquer seal, with mythological animal Probably s Click here to see large picture. Kangxi style Artemisia leaf, c. Modern, c. Gao PoChina. It is unclear though, in which way Gao Po is related to the porcelain.
Decorated i a combination of mille fleur and famille noire. Modern porcelain figure. Signature of the Artist: " Tea set, eggshell porcelain, China, first quarter of the 20th century. Click here to see large picture The Japanese marks section of Gotheborg. It was a kind gesture and I really appreciated that. Of the many later contributors I would especially want to mention Albert BeckerSomerset, UK, who were the first to help with some translations and comments on the Japanese marks.
His work was than greatly extended by Ms. Gloria S. Garaventa after which Mr. John Avery looked into and corrected some of the dates. Most of the Satsuma marks were originally submitted by Ms. Michaela RussellBrisbane, Australia. A warm thank you also goes to John R. SkeensFlorida, U.
The most recent larger contribution was made by Lisa M. In and from then on my warm thank you goes to John Wocher and Howard Reed whose knowledge and interest has sparked a new life into this section and given reason for a new overhaul. Thank you again and thank you to all I have not mentioned here, for all help and interest in and contributions to our knowledge of the 20th century Japanese porcelain. The Chinese marks section would not have been possibly without the dedicated help of Mr.
Simon Ng, City University of Hong Kong whose translations and personal efforts in researching the origin and dates of the different marks is and has been an invaluable resource. All material submitted by visitors and published anywhere on this site are and remain the copyrighted property of the submitter and appears here by permission of the owner, which can be revoked at any time. All expressed opinions are my personal or those of my trusted friends and fellow experts, based on photos and the owners submitted descriptions.
They are not to be used for any financial or commercial decisions but for educational and personal interest only and can and will be changed here as further information merits.
For further studies Encyclopedia Britannica is recommended in preference to Wikipedia, that besides having an ideological bias and a number of erroneous Chinese characters, is used by the fake industry to promote porcelain pieces that are not of the period stated. See Glossary: Bleu de Hue for more information.
Theme, will dating chinese vases something is
Mark reads Nei Fucan be translated as "Inner Court". On Chinese "Bleu de Hue" porcelain, for the Vietnamese market. Mid 19th C. Late 19th C. Chinese "Bleu de Hue" porcelain, for the Vietnamese market.
How To Identify and Date Antique Chinese Rose Medallion Porcelain
Late 20th century, post "Cultural Revolution". Serving platter. Top side decoration rim, simple cloud design yunwenm-shaped scrolls possible represents simplified bats same-sounding as the word ' fu '- good fortune or happiness.
The characters in the four white panels read counter-clockwise from bottom left wanshou wujiang - boundless longevity.
Barely visible among the fu -scrolls are two shou characters for 'longevity'. Modern, contemporary Chinese export porcelain, probably Decoration occurs on porcelain from Early Republic and onwards. Earlier version are hand drawn. The traditional wisdom has it that between around until c. Stamp Act of Quite some uncomplicated research i.
Some were marked and some not. It is also far from certain that the practice of marking porcelain with the word CHINA actually ended in the Some porcelain I have found in Singapore marked in such way, the dealers have been very adamant that it dated to the s.
My guess c. That was the main shop. There were other shops in Kowloon and New Territory. It was first owned by Mr. Li, who had been around longer than anyone could remember. In Mr. Li sold his business then located in Shan Wan, to Mr. Fung, Mr. Young, Mr. Wong and Mr. Kung owner of the Wa Lee Co. It was then moved to Central, and ran there from to Mark: Chun Lung Sang. Possibly porcelain made in Japan, with thin, light, shallow foot rim.
Entirely different from most HK decorated pieces. Decorated in Hong Kong and in person dated by porcelain merchant Mr. Kung, Hong Kong, to the s, while visiting his shop in Fish bowl. Diameter: Guangxu period.
Dating chinese vases
Dayazhai - Grand Elegant Court. Copy of porcelain made for the Empress Dowager Cixithis bowl probably from the Guangxu period. Mark: Peach symbol Date: Daoguang period Likely to be from the s.
Flask dated Possibly a late Qing Porcelain Factory. This mark could still be late 20th C. Mark is of good quality but rubber stamped. Coral red bowl with incised dragon. Tentative date or later. Tentative date s or earlier. Mark: Xu Qian Shi Ci. The three first characters Xu Qian Shi are a name and the forth, "Qi", means just "porcelain". Modern mark, last decades of the 20th century. The sticker might have been applied for the purpose of avoiding tax, since it actually are a sticker and not stamp, and the whole thing might be from Canton anyway.
Mid second half 20th century. Cup with handle, traditional rose mandarin decoration with stamped outlines. Mid second half 20th century meaning probably around s to 70s. Could possibly have been decorated in Hong Kong. Guangxu Nian Zao - Export quality, genuine mark and of the period, dated